Wanderjahre and marriage (1490–94)After completing his term of apprenticeship, Dürer followed the common German custom of taking Wanderjahre—in effect gap year—in which the apprentice learned skills from artists in other areas; Dürer was to spend about four years away. He left in 1490, possibly to work under Martin Schongauer, the leading engraver of Northern Europe, but who died shortly before Dürer's arrival at Colmar in 1492. It is unclear where Dürer travelled in the intervening period, though it is likely that he went to Frankfurt and the Netherlands. In Colmar, Dürer was welcomed by Schongauer's brothers, the goldsmiths Caspar and Paul and the painter Ludwig. In 1493 Dürer went to Strasbourg, where he would have experienced the sculpture of Nikolaus Gerhaert. Dürer's first painted self-portrait (now in the Louvre) was painted at this time, probably to be sent back to his fiancé in Nuremberg.
In early 1492 Dürer travelled to Basel to stay with another brother of Martin Schongauer, the goldsmith Georg. Very soon after his return to Nuremberg, on 7 July 1494, at the age of 23, Dürer was married to Agnes Frey following an arrangement made during his absence. Agnes was the daughter of a prominent brass worker (and amateur harpist) in the city. However, no children resulted from the marriage.
from all that i have read, the Tradesworkers guilds,in Med/Ren Germany had this obligation. if the worker desired to become a master within the Guild, then they had to travel, and learn. I have not discovered if the period was for three years and a day.
The same can be said for the Militia of each Trade guild. They were tradesmen who also trained in the Kunst des Fechtens. Their obligations were either to stay in the city and defend it, or travel with a larger group, and raise hell where they could. But the dual responsibilities of these Guilds is important. I not sure if every trade did this, but we know that the Messersmiths, Shoemakers, Furriers, and of course all the Armor makers, participated in these "wanderings". And who could have been better equipped than the actual manufacturers of the devices of War. And the clothing and equipment for travel.
Funny that the word Freifechter or Freefencer, appears to me, to have come about through this very practice. It was a big part of the Trades Guilds, and the Freifechter are synonymous with these "Waltzers". Interesting that they mainly traveled to the Free Cities!
The Histories of various Freifechter masters, who left behind fencing manuals, show us that they did indeed travel. All over Europe. Gaining experience in the Art of Combat, through actual participation in Combat. I think this helps to explain the popularity back then, of the Freyfechter's fencing Manuals, and the fechtschulen.
Great find Jean! this Wandering, definitely seems to be a tradition that enabled them to gain experience and knowledge from all over. Makes perfect sense.
In the medieval period was 'Fencing Master to the stars' (a la Fiore) a Trade? or was it a responsibility given to a knight within an affinity?
Motley wrote:Ultimately I'm not sure how much the medieval Fechtbucher have to do with Knights, I think the latter had private tutors and the tournament system for training. I've always seen the Fechtbucher within Central / Eastern / Northern Europe at any rate as being more an urban middle class phenomenon.
bigdummy wrote:EDIT: I think your sigline says it all Dan
bigdummy wrote:By way of explanation, my emphasis on the Renaissance is because I think the KDF and the Fechtbucher are part of that particular cultural phenomenon
Fab wrote:Back on topic : this tradition also still exists in France. It's called "compagnonnage". I knew a few "compagnons du tour de France".
They even developped a whole stick/staff fighting system - more on the subject in the upcoming Dijon book thansk to Olivier Dupuis.
bigdummy wrote:Is it still associated with guilds in France?
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