"Physical training at home" A. Alexander (1898)

(1801-1900)

"Physical training at home" A. Alexander (1898)

Postby Charles Dobbs » 05 Jan 2014 10:28

Physical training at home / By Alexander Alexander (London, 1898)
http://books.google.com/books?id=Sy4PAAAAQAAJ

This seems to me to be only of some minor historical interest.
Fencing foils and single-sticks are included under the heading of "Defensive Exercises", after Boxing and before Wrestling.

Below please find a very rough transcription of those entire two sections:
A FENCING LESSON
THE POSITION OF "ENGAGE."
In fencing as in boxing there are many attacks and parries but in actual practice very few except those which I am about to describe are ever shown And given an equal amount of knowledge the fencer who displays most coolness and activity generally comes off the best The position of engage should be well practised before anything more advanced is attempted The right foot should be advanced about twelve inches The feet should be at right angles and both knees slightly bent over their respective foot The body should be erect the left hand raised above the head the right arm should slope down and the foil grasped about half an inch from the haft the thumb being placed upon the convex side which should be uppermost The foil should be tilted upwards the point of the foil being opposite the opponent's breast See Fig 1

THE ATTACK
In making the attack the right foot should be advanced the left straightened the feet still being [Fig 1] at right angles The right arm should also be straightened and in order to give force to the effort the left arm should be allowed to drop until close to the left thigh See Fig 2

THE DEFENCE QUARTE
Quarte is perhaps the most commonly used defence in fencing.
When the opponents are facing each other both in the attitude of the engage with the foils crossed and the point of each being on a level with the adversary's breast the assailant should endeavour by showing the attack as in Fig 2 to reach the left side of the defender.
Fig 2 The defender should meet his opponent's attack by showing the defence of Quarte which consists of pressing the attacking blade to the defender's left side See Fig 3 Tierce It sometimes happens in crossing and re crossing that the blades of the opposing foils get placed on the opposite sides to which they were in the Engage This is called the tierce side In order to show its usefulness the assailant will make the attack from that side and endeavour to reach the right side of the defender The defender will then show tierce This consists of pressing his opponent's blade away to the right See Fig 4

The Semi circle When the assailant endeavours to reach the right shoulder of the defender the semi circle parry is generally put into action The fencers commence as in the first engagement and when the assailant endeavours to reach the right shoulder the defender should by a downward and upward twist of the hand from the wrist make a semi circle with the foil passing it underneath his opponent's blade and then bringing his hand close to his shoulder should ward off the opposing blade See Fig 5

Seconde The defence of seconde is used when the assailant endeavours to reach the right thigh or waist of the defender The defender by pronating his hand downwards brings his foil in a semi circle across and then downwards against the blade of his assailant which he presses away to his right side See Fig 6

COUNTER ATTACKS
No 1 When the assailant finds his attack parried by the defender's quarte see Fig 3 he should show counter attack No 1 This is done by lowering the point of his blade until it passes underneath that of the defender's and then leaning forward he should be able to reach his opponent's breast The defender's parry for No 1 counter attack is to rapidly go into the parry of tierce defence No 2 When the assailant finds himself foiled in the second attack by the defender's guard of tierce see Fig 4 he should rapidly drop the point of his foil and passing it underneath his opponent's guard should again make the attack The defender's parry for this second attack is to show quarte No 3 When the assailant finds his attack upon the right shoulder of the defender foiled by the latter's defence of semi circle see Fig 5 he should counter attack by rapidly dropping the point of his foil passing it underneath that of the defence and again make the attack The defender's parry for the third counter attack is to again show the defence of semi circle No 4 When the assailant's attempt to reach the
right thigh or waist of the defender is foiled by the latter's defence of seconde he should attempt the fourth semi circle by tilting up the point of his foil over the hilt of the defence and then pressing forward endeavour to repeat the attack The defender's parry for the fourth counter attack is to show another seconde

A BOUT AT SINGLE STICKS
THE "ENGAGE."
The Engage is the position which opponents assume preparatory to the commencement of attack and defence The right foot should be advanced the feet at right angles Both knees slightly bent The left arm brought behind the back and the right arm sloping downwards until the point of the stick is close to the ground See Fig 1 The opponents should cross sticks on the outer or right side

THE ATTACK
In making the attack the assailant should by a quick movement bring his stick over his right shoulder and then lunging forwards with the right foot swing his stick downwards upon the head of the defender See Fig 2

THE GUARDS
No 1 When the assailant brings his stick in a downward direction the defender should show No 1 guard by quickly raising the right hand above the head and allowing the stick to incline outwards and downwards to the left side See Fig 3 No 2 Number 2 attack the assailant should commence by bringing his stick from the left shoulder and striking in the direction of the right side of the defender's head The defender will show No 2 guard by inverting his stick upwards his hand being close to his right shoulder and the stick covering the right side and front of his face the point being tilted forwards See Fig 4 No 3 The assailant should commence Number 3 attach by bringing his stick from his right shoulder sideways and downwards towards the defender's left leg The defender should show No 3 guard by assuming the position of the engage See Fig 1 And then passing his stick across his body should ward off the attack of his opponent See Fig 3

No 4 When the assailant makes his fourth attack he does so by bringing his stick from his left shoulder downwards and against the right leg of the defender The defender still keeping in the position of engage shows No 4 guard by simply passing his stick a little to his right See Fig 4

Fig 6 As in boxing and fencing many various and counterattacks can be made but these can all be met by a good knowledge of the foregoing "defense."
Do not in your excitement allow the left arm to wander away from its place at the back of the body see the assailant in Fig 4 otherwise it will probably get into the way and receive a nasty cut or two.

[end of Singlestick; next: Wrestling]
Charles Dobbs
Private
 
Posts: 28
Joined: 23 Dec 2008 17:21

Return to 19thC Treatises

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest